South Australia Branch

A Branch of the Australian Nuclear Association was formed in South Australia early in 2017. The Branch holds regular meetings at the University of South Australia and holds lectures on nuclear issues and the uses of radiation and radioactivity, to inform the public. We hope to remove the current legislative bans on nuclear in state and federal politics and enable a more rational discussion of the energy mix in Australian electricity generation. We support the need for a low carbon energy source to replace fossil fuels  and act as a sustainable back-up to renewables.

The office bearers for the SA Branch are
–    Dr Massey de los Reyes (Chair), and
–    Dr John Patterson (Secretary)

For more information please contact

Talk by Ms Kyra Reznikov.

Title: Nuclear Waste Disposal: Finland, France and the Future


The SA Nuclear Fuel Cycle Royal Commission found that the disposal of high level nuclear waste in a purpose-built repository in South Australia presents a significant economic opportunity for the State that is potentially worth hundreds of billions of dollars.

This presentation by Kyra Reznikov (Finlaysons Lawyers) looks at the current development of deep geological disposal facilities for high level nuclear waste in Finland and France, the policy settings and community engagement processes that made those projects possible, and the learnings that could be used if South Australia were to take up the opportunity identified by the Royal Commission.  Kyra will also give her insider’s view of the Citizens’ Jury process undertaken in South Australia in 2016.

About Kyra: Kyra is the head of Environment, Climate Change and Planning at Finlaysons Lawyers.  Kyra took part in a study tour in the footsteps of the Royal Commission to visit nuclear sites in Finland, France and the UK and investigate what would be involved in developing a nuclear waste repository in SA.  She gave evidence to the Joint Parliamentary Committee investigating the findings of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Royal Commission and was a member of the Citizens’ Jury Stakeholder Reference Group. 

She has degrees in Engineering and Law from the University of Adelaide, including First Class Honours in Chemical Engineering.  Kyra has been recognised by  Doyle’s Guide to the Australian Legal Profession as a Recommended Planning and Environmental lawyer in South Australia since 2010 and by Best Lawyers Australia for Planning and Environmental Law since 2014.  In 2018 she was named by Best Lawyers Australia as Lawyer of the Year for Planning and Environmental Law in Adelaide.

Twenty Years of Nuclear Power Prohibition in Australia

(extract from Nuclear Australia Newsletter December 2018)

It is now 20 years since the Australian Parliament passed laws to prohibit the construction and operation of nuclear power stations.

In 1998, at a time when the Democrats and Greens held the balance of power in the Senate, amendments to legislation to form the Australian Radiation and Nuclear Safety Agency (ARPANSA) were passed by Parliament prohibiting the organisation from issuing licences for nuclear power. In 1999 the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act was also passed removing the power from the Minister. In the Act a review must be undertaken at intervals of no more than 10 years. Such a review is now due.

The ANA strongly recommends that these acts should now be repealed, so that nuclear power can be considered on its merits  for the zero-carbon generation of electricity in Australia.

History of Australia’s Nuclear Prohibition – That day in December ‘98


Twenty years ago Australia prohibited the construction of nuclear power. Here is the story of how the Australian Senate amended a nuclear safety Bill to make it illegal to build a nuclear power plant. It’s now time to lift the ban and repeal these prohibitions.

This is a part of the narrative leading up to the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act review that takes place next year. This is a once in 10 year review to get section 140A repealed form that Act. Legal advice is that 140A repeal will allow nuclear to be built. The ARPANSA legislation is something that can be amended later. A repeal of the prohibition will signal that Australia is open for business, and investments are likely.

“What we could have done in 20 years”.

In that twenty years Australia’s greenhouse gas emissions have increased by 81 million tonnes of carbon dioxide. Greenhouse gases have a cumulative impact on the environment, so while this increase appears small, the wider impact is greater.  For more on that article click here.

Submission on National Radioactive Waste Management Facility

The SA Branch made a Submission to the Department of Industry, Innovation and Science on the National Radioactive Waste Management Facility Click here for submission .

We strongly support the establishment of a national facility at either Kimba or Hawker, for the management of low and intermediate level radioactive waste from all Commonwealth agencies, States and Territories, including ANSTO in Sydney. A centralised facility, purpose-built to manage these wastes is considered to be international best practice as demonstrated in similar facilities globally.

The establishment of a National Facility is important for the continued beneficial use of radioactivity and radiation in health, industry and research in Australia including the Opal Reactor and ANSTO facility at Lucas Heights. This facility produces radio-isotopes for export and local use for the production of medical isotopes, agriculture, industrial productivity and research.

Uranium Market Status

Talk to SA Branch of Australian Nuclear Association 22 November, 2018 at UniSA, by Mr Greg Hall, Alligator Energy.


Greg Hall is a senior mining engineer with over three decades experience. He has been mining manager at Olympic Dam and at Ranger and Jabiluka plus other uranium mines. He was founder and managing director of Toro Energy, Alligator Energy and President of SACOME. Companies he spoke about included Kazatomprom (Kazarkstan), the world’s largest producer, Cameco (McArthur River Canada), Paladin and BHP’s Olympic Dam. There are three uranium mines in Australia: Ranger in NT, and Olympic Dam and Beverley in SA.

A summary of his talk is available here.

Reactor Produced Medical and Industrial Radio-Isotopes

Many useful radioisotopes are produced most conveniently and cheaply in a nuclear reactor by neutrons. In Australia the OPAL Reactor is an important source of radioisotopes for Australia and export.

Reactor-produced medical isotopes with their half-lives:

  • Molybdenum-99 6 days, for Technetium-99m 6 hours used for medical diagnosis.
  • Iridium-192, 74 days used for high dose-rate brachytherapy
  • Iodine-131 8 days, used for brachytherapy
  • Yttrium-90 64 hours
  • Samarium-153 46 hours
  • Lutetium -177 6.7 days
  • Strontium 89 50.6 days
  • Iodine-125 60.1 days
  • Palladium-103 17 days
  • Phosphorus-32 14.3 days
  • Industrial, Environmental tracers and Agricultural
  • Americium-241 433 years, used for smoke alarms and soil moisture gauge
  • Cobalt-60 5.3 years, used for gamma sterilisation, industrial radiography of welds, fill height switches, and in blast furnaces
  • Caesium-137 30 years, used for industrial testing and a lab source
  • Gold-198 2.7 days, used as an environmental tracer