Hosted by the Nuclear Engineering Panel, Sydney Division Engineers Australia p>
Molten Salt Reactors
Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation
5:30 for 6:00 pm, Wednesday 19 March 2014
Engineers Australia, 8 Thomas St, Chatswood NSW
Register online for catering purposes at this link p>
Molten salt reactors (MSRs) hold the promise of improved reactor safety, fuel utilisation and economy. The coolant, a chemically non-reactive fluoride-based molten salt (lithium-beryllium-fluoride or 'FLiBe'), has a boiling temperature of 1400°C, far in excess of normal operational temperatures of about 650°C, giving the design a high degree of inherent safety. Also, the salt solidifies at 459°C, meaning any reactor shutdown would immobilize both fuel and fission products within the salt. The United States of America pioneered molten salt technology in the 1960s and built a liquid-fuelled 8 MW (thermal) test reactor in Oak Ridge National Laboratories (ORNL). The experiment demonstrated molten salt reactors' inherent safety and ease of operation. After the molten salt reactor program was shut down in 1973, with preference being given to sodium fast breeder reactors, there has been little activity until now. ORNL has revived molten salt technologies in the past decade, detailing their work in a series of reports. More recently, the Shanghai Institute of Nuclear Applied Physics (SINAP), working in collaboration with ORNL, has a US$350 million, 5-year programme to build two molten salt reactor prototypes with solid and liquid fuels. This talk will review past and present developments in MSRs, highlighting the design's function and safety. p>
About Mark Ho
Mark Ho has been working at ANSTO for 8 years as a numerical analyst specialising in reactor heat-transfer. He holds a BEng (Mech), and a MEng (Mech) for research in reactor fuel assembly flow-induced vibration phenomena. He is looking to submit his PhD (Mech, part-time) this year on computational fluid dynamics. His PhD work is on the modelling of deformable 3D volumes and surfaces for the simulation of bubbly flows. He also has a strong interest in advanced power reactor designs, in particular molten salt reactors for their potential to supply nuclear power for low-carbon electricity generation, even more safely than current nuclear plants.
Professor Mary O'Kane presentation to the Annual Meeting of the Four Societies
This year, ANA hosted the Annual Meeting of the Four Societies (Australian Nuclear Association, Royal Society of New South Wales, Australian Institute of Energy and Nuclear Engineering Panel of the Sydney Branch of Engineers Australia). p>
The speaker at this Four Societies meeting was Professor Mary O'Kane, NSW Chief Scientist and Engineer, who gave a presentation on "Questions about Power in NSW" in the Hamilton Room, MLC Centre, Sydney, at 6 pm, Thursday 27 February. The slides for Professor O'Kane's very interesting talk are here. p>
Dr Eric (Lou) Vance receives ANA Award for 2013
The ANA 2013 Award was presented to Dr Eric (Lou) Vance on Friday 6 December 2013 by ANA President Dr Therese Donlevy at the ANA Annual Lunch at the Sutherland United Services Club, Sutherland NSW. p>
Dr Eric (Lou) Vance has made an outstanding contribution to ceramic science and to the development of advanced ceramics for immobilisation of radioactive waste. He is a fellow of the Australian Institute of Physics, the American Ceramics Society, the Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering and the Australian Ceramic Society.
After finishing his PhD in physics at Monash University in 1968, Dr Vance joined the Australian Atomic Energy Commission as a research scientist. In 1969 he went overseas and worked on various projects in the UK, USA and Canada. His early research was on solid state studies of the physics and chemistry of inorganic materials and radiation damage. At Penn State, he was one of the pioneer researchers in tailored ceramics for nuclear waste immobilisation. From 1979 to 1987 at the Whiteshell Nuclear Research Establishment, Manitoba, Canada, he worked on sphene-glass ceramics for high level nuclear waste.
Dr Vance joined ANSTO in 1987 as a Senior Research Scientist and was promoted to Chief Research Scientist in 2005. As team leader, he made major contributions to the development of a wide range of synthetic titanate ('Synroc') ceramics for immobilising various types of nuclear wastes. Of particular note was a synroc derivative ceramic for immobilising plutonium which was the basis for the ceramic selected by the US DOE in 1998 for immobilising excess military plutonium.
Dr Vance is a highly respected member of the international scientific community, is continually invited to be a guest speaker, and maintains his links with prestigious international research laboratories and universities. As a mentor, Dr Vance provides valuable guidance to his staff and is an excellent sounding board for testing ideas. He is author or co-author of over 330 articles in international journals and refereed conference proceedings and co-author of 3 patents.
The ANA is pleased to give the 2013 Australian Nuclear Association Annual Award to Dr Lou Vance in recognition of his outstanding contribution to nuclear science and technology in Australia by his contribution to development of ceramic waste forms for immobilisation of radioactive waste.
ANA2013 Conference Friday, 11th October 2013
The 10th biennial Australian Nuclear Association Conference on Nuclear Science and Engineering in Australia (ANA2013) was held on Friday, 11th October 2013, in the Sydney Mechanics School of Arts, 280 Pitt St, Sydney.
The theme of the conference was Nuclear Science and Technology in Action.
- Exciting science, medicine and innovative advances using nuclear techniques
- Updates on uranium mining in Australia and nuclear power developments
- Neutrons from OPAL research reactor and x-rays from Australian Synchrotron
- Achievements in nuclear science, engineering and technology
Pacific Basin Nuclear Conference, Vancouver, 24-28 Aug 2014
The Canadian Nuclear Society, the Canadian Nuclear Association, and Natural Resources Canada are hosting the 19th Pacific Basin Nuclear Conference (PBNC-2014) in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, 24-28 August 2014, under the aegis of the Pacific Nuclear Council. The ANA is a member of the Pacific Nuclear Council
The theme of PBNC-2014 is “Fulfilling the Promise of Nuclear Technology around the Pacific Basin in the 21st Century”. Authors are encouraged to submit papers on any topic in nuclear technology for oral presentation in technical sessions at PBNC-2014. Papers will be organized in 10 technical tracks.
Please visit the PBNC-2014 website for more information, to submit papers, and to register.